Surgery in Humanitarian Settings (Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, December 2011)

The provision of surgery within humanitarian crises is complex, requiring coordination and cooperation among all stakeholders. These best practice guidelines were developed during the 2011 Humanitarian Action Summit to provide greater accountability and standardization in surgical humanitarian relief efforts. Surgical humanitarian relief planning should occur early and include team selection and preparation, appropriate disaster-specific anticipatory planning, needs assessment, and an awareness of local resources and limitations of cross-cultural project management. Accurate medical record keeping and timely follow-up is important for a transient surgical population. Integration with local health systems is essential and will help facilitate longer term surgical health system strengthening.